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Learn German - Prnounciation by TaNa-Jo Learn German - Prnounciation by TaNa-Jo

Learn German #5



This is long :I

BUT FOR MY COMING SERIES "LEARN GERMAN" THIS IS IMPORTANT TO KNOW BECAUSE I WONT WRITE THE SPELLING NEXT TO THE FOLLOWING PARTS! YOU SHOULD LEARN THE PRONOUNCIATION BEFORE CONTINUE WITH MY PARTS :D

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Diacritics

German uses the umlaut to alter the sounds of the vowels a, o and u: ä, ö and ü are distinctly different sounds than their un-umlauted relatives. One occasionally sees them printed in alternative spelling as ae, oe and ue, especially when someone has had trouble figuring out how to print an umlaut. The German alphabet also uses one extra consonant: the letter ß is called "es-tset", and is pronounced like an ordinary English s. One sometimes sees it printed as ss.

Vowels

As in English, German vowels generally have both long and short variants, and would-be long vowels are often shortened when they precede multiple consonants (e.g. Schmidt = shmit, not shmeet). Likewise, would-be short vowels are lengthened by doubling of the vowel (e.g. Staat = shtaht, Boot = boht, See = zay), or by the letter "h" placed after the vowel (e.g. Mahler = mah-ler, ohne = oh-nuh). Don't ever pronounce ee or oo the English way in a German word. Also take note of the German final e: it's not silent, but it is very short.

Diphthongs

These sounds are always the same. Do not confuse ie with ei, unless you want to annoy many people.

Consonants

Two rules you should know but can get away with not following: r is swallowed at ends of syllables as in British English (it colors the preceding vowel but is not pronounced), and voiced consonants at ends of syllables become voiceless (d becomes t, etc.).

Stress

The vast majority of German words are stressed on the first syllable. This rule fails most commonly in the following cases:

► Words that begin with certain short prefixes, the most common being ge-, be-, ver-, zer-, er- and ent-, are stressed on the syllable after this prefix, e.g. geteilt = ge-tiylt, betreten = be-tray-ten. Achtung: a few fairly common words begin with a ge- that is NOT grammatically a prefix, and therefore doesn't follow the above rule, e.g. gehen = gay-en (the verb "to go"), and gestern = gehs-turn

► In most words that contain the syllable ier (e.g. studieren, reserviert, regierende), this syllable is stressed. Many of these are Latin-derived verb forms with recognizable cognates in English.

► Occasionally you'll run across a word that has its stress on the last syllable; most of these are Latinate words which have cognates in French (and often also in English). One important example is Musik = moo-zeek. Those who know German well learn to recognize such words automatically, others are safest assuming stress on the first syllable when in doubt.

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:iconprime-riyu:
Prime-Riyu Featured By Owner Feb 2, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
i tried to understand this but cant. someoneused accent whike talking and i cant make sense of it. could you translate this?
Ik berliner da jetzat ma wat, mkay? Obwohl ich ja eigentlich kener bin ... Aber mene Mutter is ne Berlinerin :D Ik will ma sehn, wat der Übersetzer da draus macht.
So viel Liebe hier.
Friede Freude Eierkuchen
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:icontana-jo:
TaNa-Jo Featured By Owner Feb 2, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
What? OMG I speak ruhrgerman not that berlinerisch xD 
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:iconprime-riyu:
Prime-Riyu Featured By Owner Feb 2, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
argh...do you know someone who does?
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:icontana-jo:
TaNa-Jo Featured By Owner Feb 2, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
I can understand it sure but I can't write it xD Hochdeutsch spricht ja eh keiner 
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:iconflamingcockatiel:
FlamingCockatiel Featured By Owner May 20, 2014
Perhaps you can help me. In the book 501 German Verbs,  the pronunciation guide lists long and short umlaute vowels. That is the only place I've read it, and, well, some of the examples sound exactly the the same whether long or short. What have you heard or studied regarding this?

Also, when does one use the estset?

I appreciate your guides. I like the notes you added regarding stress on words, because that is something that has been confusing me when I simply see a word written out.
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:icontana-jo:
TaNa-Jo Featured By Owner May 22, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
when? well you have to learn the words with it - that are special verbs like the irregular verbs you hvae to learn for english :D
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:iconvoraciousamphy96:
VoraciousAmphy96 Featured By Owner Apr 7, 2014  Student General Artist
Ich lerne Deutsche :3


I've got a good accent for pronunciation of these words.
Although, this is a completely different language than Spanish,which I'm also learning.
I mean, When I know general language rules it ain't as hard.
Reply
:icontana-jo:
TaNa-Jo Featured By Owner Apr 13, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
*deutsch  > deutsch is written not capitalized :D If I may correct you

xD Yes english accent sounds terrible in german hahaa
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:iconvoraciousamphy96:
VoraciousAmphy96 Featured By Owner Apr 13, 2014  Student General Artist
Thanks :p

Well,I'm American,so yeah XDDDDDDD
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:iconshadowiscool123:
shadowiscool123 Featured By Owner Nov 29, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
I need this.

Do you by any chance have one where it shows you what in the sentence to capitalize?
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:icontana-jo:
TaNa-Jo Featured By Owner Nov 30, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
It will appear in the next series. It is very easy :P Does it look difficult? :o
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:iconshadowiscool123:
shadowiscool123 Featured By Owner Nov 30, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
I'm getting confused by it and I can't find any sources that tells me how...
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:icontana-jo:
TaNa-Jo Featured By Owner Nov 30, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
all right I will upload it today
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:iconshadowiscool123:
shadowiscool123 Featured By Owner Nov 30, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Oh, cool. Thanks! :)
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:icontana-jo:
TaNa-Jo Featured By Owner Nov 30, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
^^
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:iconschplitzkriegs:
Schplitzkriegs Featured By Owner Nov 26, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
What about "ee", like in the word "schnee"?
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:icontana-jo:
TaNa-Jo Featured By Owner Nov 29, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
same like a normal single e. just longer 
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:iconmarktheawesome:
Marktheawesome Featured By Owner Nov 20, 2013
Ich habe meinen Deutschunterricht heute, aber ich bin immer so nervös vorher ich gehe, ich kann okay deutsch schreiben, aber meine Aussprache ist sehr schlecht. Vor allem hasse ich "ü". T_T
Nettes Poster ;)
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:icontana-jo:
TaNa-Jo Featured By Owner Nov 25, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
why?
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:iconmarktheawesome:
Marktheawesome Featured By Owner Nov 26, 2013
A mi me suena lo mismo que "u". Es difícil (para mi) determinar la diferencia. 
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:iconsupersymmetriccake:
SuperSymmetricCake Featured By Owner Oct 23, 2013
wow these tutorials will be really handy for someone who wants to learn a bit of german by herself (like me :D).

So... why is it that mixing 'ie' with 'ei' annoy people? :giggle:

Thanks for sharing!
Reply
:iconmarktheawesome:
Marktheawesome Featured By Owner Nov 20, 2013
I think because the pronunciation of the two is very different. 
EI = aye
IE = ee
Hope that helps ;)
Reply
:iconsupersymmetriccake:
SuperSymmetricCake Featured By Owner Nov 23, 2013
I see. I thought that there were some words that would become insulting if you read them the wrong way. Maybe it is just a common mistake people do... Thanks for your help!
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:icontana-jo:
TaNa-Jo Featured By Owner Oct 24, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Thanks c:

what do you mean? :O
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:iconcelia94:
Celia94 Featured By Owner Sep 27, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
I'm going to start learning german and that will be helpful, I can see it xD Thank you!
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:icontana-jo:
TaNa-Jo Featured By Owner Sep 28, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
yay ask me if u have questions :D
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:iconamenobluy800:
AmeNoBluy800 Featured By Owner May 20, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Ich glaub das einzige Wort, das ich kenne und welches man nicht wie jedes andere ausspricht, ist "Koffeinhaltig". Hat früher immer voll aufgeregt, dass man nicht "ei" sagen darf. xD
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:icontana-jo:
TaNa-Jo Featured By Owner May 21, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Hahah ja xD
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:iconwackyforwakko:
wackyforwakko Featured By Owner May 16, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
thank you so much!! i am trying to learn german from a book, but i was never really sure about the pronunciations...
question: im confused about how you pronounce "ch" in german. i speak hebrew, and i know there you pronounce it from the throat (theres no real sound like it in english)- is that how you pronounce it in german, too? (please answer, anybody! thanks!)
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:icontana-jo:
TaNa-Jo Featured By Owner May 21, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
uhm well..

ch we spell it ... in the throat and like ..there are 2 pronunciations of the 'ch' in Standard German, according to what vowels precede the 'ch'.

you have the 'front' ch, and the 'back' ch, front being higher in the throat than the back, which is lower in the throat. the front ch is pronounced in the same position as an 'sh', except that you keep the teeth open rather than closed. the back ch, of course, sounds like you are hacking up some phlegm.

the front ch occurs after the front vowels and sounds, namely ä, e, i, ö, ü=y, ie, ei, eu.
the back ch occurs after the back vowels and sounds, namely a, o, u, and au.

(the same rules should also hold when these vowels *follow* the 'ch'. try them out and see...)

when you are talking about regional variations, like Norden, Bavarian, Austrian, and Swiss, these rules go out the window, and you will hear everything from 'k' to 'sh'.
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:iconwackyforwakko:
wackyforwakko Featured By Owner May 21, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
thank you so much for taking the time to answer! this really helped me :)
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:icontana-jo:
TaNa-Jo Featured By Owner May 21, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
^^np
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:icontrueyoshiteru:
TrueYoshiteru Featured By Owner May 18, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
"ch" has different ways to pronounce... e.g. the "ch" in "ich" is not the same as in "lachen"... But I'm sorry because I don't know how to explain how you pronounce it right... :/
but I hope I could help you at least a little :3
And sorry for the bad english, cuz I'm from germany and stuff xD
Reply
:iconwackyforwakko:
wackyforwakko Featured By Owner May 18, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
thank you :)
Reply
:iconarmageddonsaxis:
armageddonsAxis Featured By Owner May 16, 2013  Student General Artist
This is so much more helpful than the pronunciation guide in my German phrasebooks. o-o
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:iconagltaria:
AGLtaria Featured By Owner Mar 5, 2013  Student Digital Artist
I was really glad I found this, I'm trying to learn German but all I have is a Macquarie's book for now. =w=

Danke!
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:iconharubells:
HaruBells Featured By Owner Feb 21, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
DAS WUNDERBAR.
Reply
:iconfinalclu:
FinalClu Featured By Owner Feb 20, 2013  Student General Artist
This is awesome! =D I'm currently taking German in school, and even though it's easy for me, I struggle due to not having anyone or anything to practice with.(My brother barely remembers his German and I don't have any German books to read) My pronunciation is good for the most part, just every once in a while I get stuck and/or confused. (I also like how in each of your learn German you had pictures along with the words.)
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:icontana-jo:
TaNa-Jo Featured By Owner Feb 21, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Thank you for comment :D If you want a german book I can send you one for free C: I will pay the shipping. Hmm thats veeery nice <333 do u have idea what to make next?:P
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:iconfinalclu:
FinalClu Featured By Owner Feb 24, 2013  Student General Artist
That's such a kind offer, but you don't have to! :3 I'm kind of a video gamer, and some games allow me to translate them to German, so I use that. I would be cool if you made a tutorial on animals. :)

Also, if I may ask, how did you learn English? From what I know, you take it around 5th grade I believe and continue learning?
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:iconjulysan:
JulySan Featured By Owner Feb 17, 2013
Warum zum Teufel guck ich mir das überhaupt an? :D
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:icontana-jo:
TaNa-Jo Featured By Owner Feb 21, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
xD just 4 fun :P
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:iconjulysan:
JulySan Featured By Owner Feb 21, 2013
Wahrscheinlich xD
Reply
:iconxxdreamincolorxx:
xXdreamincolorXx Featured By Owner Feb 17, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
My german teacher always says 'when two vowels go walking the first one shuts the hell up and lets the second one speak'
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:icontana-jo:
TaNa-Jo Featured By Owner Feb 21, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
:D Cool ^^ we say " Der dativ ist dem Genitiv sein Tod" - grammatically totalllyyyyyyyyyyyyyy wroong ^^
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:iconwherefancytakesme:
wherefancytakesme Featured By Owner Feb 17, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
How do you tell between long and short?
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:iconfeldiarts:
Feldiarts Featured By Owner Feb 17, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Look at the description...
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:iconwherefancytakesme:
wherefancytakesme Featured By Owner Feb 17, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Oops...
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:icontana-jo:
TaNa-Jo Featured By Owner Feb 17, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
^^ do you know it now? :3
Reply
:iconwherefancytakesme:
wherefancytakesme Featured By Owner Feb 17, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Yes. ^^; Sorry, I didn't notice it in the author's comment...
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