Learn German #5
This is long :I
BUT FOR MY COMING SERIES "LEARN GERMAN" THIS IS IMPORTANT TO KNOW BECAUSE I WONT WRITE THE SPELLING NEXT TO THE FOLLOWING PARTS! YOU SHOULD LEARN THE PRONOUNCIATION BEFORE CONTINUE WITH MY PARTS
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German uses the umlaut to alter the sounds of the vowels a, o and u: ä, ö and ü are distinctly different sounds than their un-umlauted relatives. One occasionally sees them printed in alternative spelling as ae, oe and ue, especially when someone has had trouble figuring out how to print an umlaut. The German alphabet also uses one extra consonant: the letter ß is called "es-tset", and is pronounced like an ordinary English s. One sometimes sees it printed as ss.
As in English, German vowels generally have both long and short variants, and would-be long vowels are often shortened when they precede multiple consonants (e.g. Schmidt = shmit, not shmeet). Likewise, would-be short vowels are lengthened by doubling of the vowel (e.g. Staat = shtaht, Boot = boht, See = zay), or by the letter "h" placed after the vowel (e.g. Mahler = mah-ler, ohne = oh-nuh). Don't ever pronounce ee or oo the English way in a German word. Also take note of the German final e: it's not silent, but it is very short.
These sounds are always the same. Do not confuse ie with ei, unless you want to annoy many people.
Two rules you should know but can get away with not following: r is swallowed at ends of syllables as in British English (it colors the preceding vowel but is not pronounced), and voiced consonants at ends of syllables become voiceless (d becomes t, etc.).
The vast majority of German words are stressed on the first syllable. This rule fails most commonly in the following cases:
► Words that begin with certain short prefixes, the most common being ge-, be-, ver-, zer-, er- and ent-, are stressed on the syllable after this prefix, e.g. geteilt = ge-tiylt, betreten = be-tray-ten. Achtung: a few fairly common words begin with a ge- that is NOT grammatically a prefix, and therefore doesn't follow the above rule, e.g. gehen = gay-en (the verb "to go"), and gestern = gehs-turn
► In most words that contain the syllable ier (e.g. studieren, reserviert, regierende), this syllable is stressed. Many of these are Latin-derived verb forms with recognizable cognates in English.
► Occasionally you'll run across a word that has its stress on the last syllable; most of these are Latinate words which have cognates in French (and often also in English). One important example is Musik = moo-zeek. Those who know German well learn to recognize such words automatically, others are safest assuming stress on the first syllable when in doubt.
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1: I just thought you'd like to know that your tutorials helped me to look deeper into the German language, and I decided to learn it along with Spanish for my highschool language. Thanks a bunch, and keep up the good work!
2: Are there any rules that can help me determine whether a vowel is long or short when it doesn't follow the vowel rules in the description? Also, if the bird is a girl, can I say die Vogel? Thanks.
That is kind of you ^^ Made my day c:
short vowels : joycep.myweb.port.ac.uk/pronou…
long vowels : joycep.myweb.port.ac.uk/pronou…
omg no xD
It doesnt matter if the object is male or female. The thing is "die" makes the word feminine for conjugating. Der for male and DAS for neuter.
Der Vogel - the bird > there is no other word.
Die Vogel - wrong
You need to know the infinite of each noun for conjugation : der Vogel (sg) and for plural you need to know the article of the infinite > die Vögel - plural. DER > DIE
for example we say DAS Mädchen - DAS is neuter but the girl is feminine. It makes no sense I know xD
DER Junge - the boy makes sence but don't ask me why it is like that
Ik berliner da jetzat ma wat, mkay? Obwohl ich ja eigentlich kener bin ... Aber mene Mutter is ne Berlinerin Ik will ma sehn, wat der Übersetzer da draus macht.
So viel Liebe hier.
Friede Freude Eierkuchen
'I will 'berliner' (dialect in Berlin, 'Berlinerisch'. The person tells you they will use that dialect now) a bit now okay? Even thought I'm not one... but my mother comes from Berlin (text says 'But my mother is a Berlinerin') I want to see what the translator makes out of it."
I don't come from Berlin but I can understand it xD Couldn't resist to translate... It should be about right c:
Also, when does one use the estset?
I appreciate your guides. I like the notes you added regarding stress on words, because that is something that has been confusing me when I simply see a word written out.
I've got a good accent for pronunciation of these words.
Although, this is a completely different language than Spanish,which I'm also learning.
I mean, When I know general language rules it ain't as hard.
xD Yes english accent sounds terrible in german hahaa
question: im confused about how you pronounce "ch" in german. i speak hebrew, and i know there you pronounce it from the throat (theres no real sound like it in english)- is that how you pronounce it in german, too? (please answer, anybody! thanks!)
ch we spell it ... in the throat and like ..there are 2 pronunciations of the 'ch' in Standard German, according to what vowels precede the 'ch'.
you have the 'front' ch, and the 'back' ch, front being higher in the throat than the back, which is lower in the throat. the front ch is pronounced in the same position as an 'sh', except that you keep the teeth open rather than closed. the back ch, of course, sounds like you are hacking up some phlegm.
the front ch occurs after the front vowels and sounds, namely ä, e, i, ö, ü=y, ie, ei, eu.
the back ch occurs after the back vowels and sounds, namely a, o, u, and au.
(the same rules should also hold when these vowels *follow* the 'ch'. try them out and see...)
when you are talking about regional variations, like Norden, Bavarian, Austrian, and Swiss, these rules go out the window, and you will hear everything from 'k' to 'sh'.
but I hope I could help you at least a little :3
And sorry for the bad english, cuz I'm from germany and stuff xD
Also, if I may ask, how did you learn English? From what I know, you take it around 5th grade I believe and continue learning?